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If you would like to learn more about housing policies and programs, there are a lot of valuable resources available. This section shows you where to find resources on LocalHousingSolutions.org related to particular issues or programs and provides links to selected external materials and websites that can supplement the guidance available on LocalHousingSolutions.org.

Affirmatively furthering fair housing

Learn more about affirmatively furthering fair housing

General information:

2017 LIHTC policies promoting supportive housing and recommendations for 2018-2019 AFFH-T data documentation Opportunity mapping issue brief Breaking down barriers: Housing, neighborhoods, and schools of opportunity New starts: Leveraging the new transit policy guidance to create inclusive communities of opportunity Code of Federal regulations 24: Housing and urban development To increase housing choice, try incentivizing landlords Learn about the FHEO complaint and investigation process Fair Housing Assistance Program (FHAP) The case for fair housing: 2017 fair housing trends report HUD education and outreach initiative Fair Housing Initiatives Program Enterprise: Embracing Success in Merging Populations Enterprise: Closing the DivideState Fair Housing Protections LISC: Did States Maximize Their Opportunity Zone Selections?

Toolkits:

HUD’s AFFH assessment of fair housing tool and mapping tool

Specific Policies:

Inclusionary zoning (LHS Brief) Inclusionary zoning (LHS Related Resources)

Regional policies/case studies:

Fort Wayne housing authority Housing Voucher Choice Program property owner participation manual (Indiana) The Evansville housing authority Housing Choice Voucher Program (Indiana)
Watered-down ‘good cause’ eviction bill now Philly law
Puertas Cerradas: Housing barriers for Hispanics

Data sources:

FFIEC geocoding/mapping system HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data Latino kids’ data explorer AFFH assessment tools, resources, and training material National Fair Housing Alliance: Get local help Fair housing: Outreach tools Twitter: #FairHousing Inclusionary housing database map Law as Data: Using Policy Surveillance to Advance Housing Studies

Affordable homeownership

Learn more about affordable homeownership

General information:

Inclusionary housing in the United States Employer-assisted housing initiative guide for state & local realtor associations The state of the nation’s housing 2019 Understanding today’s manufactured housing Preservation of affordable homeownership: A continuum of strategies Shared equity, transformative wealth NCSHA mortgage credit certificate program Q&A National Association of Local Housing Finance Agencies Making home affordable Single family housing repair loans & grants

Toolkits:

Increasing the availability of affordable homes: A handbook of high-impact state and local solutions
Housing Boulder: A toolkit of housing options
FDIC affordable mortgage lending guide IRS mortgage interest credit
Preserving multifamily workforce and affordable housing: New approaches for investing in a vital national asset

Specific Policies:

Community land trusts (LHS Brief)
Community land trusts (LHS Related Resources)

Limited equity cooperatives (LHS Brief)
Limited equity cooperatives (LHS Related Resources)
Property tax relief (LHS Brief)
Property tax relief (LHS Related Resources)

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008) SMART housing policy: Resource guide (Austin, Texas) San Francisco housing data hub Regional approaches to affordable housing Public land & affordable housing in the Washington DC region: Best practices and recommendations Leveraging public land for affordable housing in Northern Virginia: A primer National Council of State Housing Agencies Property tax relief: Why Virginia should adopt a state-funded income-targeted approach Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in SeattleCase Studies in Affordable Housing Development in California

Data sources:

NAHB housing opportunity index Policy map: Housing HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data Real estate transfer charges

Affordable rental housing

Learn more about affordable rental housing

General information:

The cost of affordable housing: Does it pencil out? How did they do it? Discovering new opportunities for affordable housing Inclusionary housing in the United States Low-Income Housing Tax Credits and Private Activity Bonds: A guide to affordable housing development How to unleash underutilized Private Activity Bonds to build more affordable rental housing Preserving affordable rental housing: A snapshot of growing need, current threats, and innovative solutions The space between: Realities and possibilities in preserving unsubsidized affordable rental housing A brief review of state and local preservation purchase laws Regional approaches to affordable housing State and city funded rental housing programs Is rent control good policy? Preserving Affordable Housing by Buying, Not Building

Toolkits:

Preserving multifamily workforce and affordable housing: New approaches for investing in a vital national asset Producing affordable housing in rising markets: What works? Affordable housing framework
Bending the cost curve: Solutions to expand the supply of affordable rentals APA Housing Policy Guide

Specific Policies:

Accessory dwelling unit (LHS Brief)
Accessory dwelling unit (LHS Related Resources)
Rental assistance demonstration (RAD) (LHS Brief)
Rental assistance demonstration (RAD) (LHS Related Resources)

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008) Jody apartments, Denver Preserving Austin’s multifamily rental housing San Francisco housing data hub The affordable housing crisis in Los Angeles: An employer perspective Where will people live? New Orleans’ growing rental housing challenge Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle SMART housing: A strategy for producing affordable housing at the local level (Austin, Texas) SMART housing policy: Resource guide (Austin, Texas) Public land & affordable housing in the Washington DC region: Best practices and recommendations Leveraging public land for affordable housing in Northern Virginia: A primer 21st century SROs: Can small housing units help meet the need for affordable housing in New York City? Housing Boulder: A toolkit of housing options Profile of rent-stabilized units and tenants in New York City

Data sources:

Florida housing data clearinghouse HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data Policy map: Housing Map: Rent control laws by state NLIHC’s out of reach 2019

Building coalitions

Carbon emissions

Community development

Learn more about community development

General information:

Building sustainable, inclusive communities: How America can pursue smart growth and reunite our metropolitan communities Building American cities toolkit NAHB land use 101 Local policy options to support sustainable and equitable development Property topics and concepts New starts: Leveraging the new transit policy guidance to create inclusive communities of opportunity Right-sizing urban growth boundaries Urban growth boundary Metro: Urban growth report (2014) Community development block grant program Community Land Trusts & Community Development: Partners Against Displacement Equitable Development Principles & Scorecard: A Tool for Communities and Planners

Toolkits:

Building Blocks: Connecting People, Places and Policies (podcast) National Association of Counties: Promoting Affordability Through Community Engagement Community Development Block Grants: A guide for counties

Specific Policies:

Housing rehabilitation codes (LHS Brief)
Housing rehabilitation codes (LHS Related Resources)
Higher density development (LHS Brief)
Higher density development (LHS Related Resources)
Land banks (LHS Brief)
Land banks (LHS Related Resources)
Tax increment financing (LHS Brief)
Tax increment financing (LHS Related Resources)
Transfer of development rights (LHS Brief)
Transfer of development rights (LHS Related Resources)
Employer-assisted housing programs (LHS Brief)
Employer-assisted housing programs (LHS Related Resources)
Community land trusts (LHS Brief)
Community land trusts (LHS Related Resources)

Regional policies/case studies:

Impact fees, City of Vancouver Supporting and sustaining interjurisdictional collaboration for housing and community development (Cook County, Illinois) Housing collaboratives (Cook County, Illinois) Downtown land disposition strategy (Raleigh, North Carolina) Wording amendments for small-scale residential infill (Ahseville, North Carolina) New Jersey rehabilitation subcode Coburg urbanization study update (Oregon) Housing policy debates (various states)

Data sources:

HUD’s community assessment reporting tool Data: Baltimore neighborhoods indicators alliance Community land trust program National map of land banks & land banking programs

Concentrated poverty

Development feasibility

Learn more about development feasibility

General information:

Economics of inclusionary development
Development process efficiency: Cutting through the red tape
Market effects of office development linkage fees Public benefit from publicly owned parcels: Effective practices in affordable housing development How are building codes adopted? Predictable permitting

Toolkit:

Building American cities toolkit Land development checklist Terner Center’s housing development dashboard Affordable housing zoning bonus administrative regulations and procedures Affordable housing framework Smart codes, smart process checklist

Tax & fees:

Impact fees and housing affordability Low-Income Housing Tax Credits and Private Activity Bonds: A guide to affordable housing development Using state tax credits: Q&A with Beth Mullen of the Reznick Group Enterprise: Giving Due Credit, Balancing Priorities in State Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Allocation Policies

Regional policies/case studies:

Impact fees, City of Vancouver Los Angeles affordable housing linkage fees nexus study A resolution to the Council of the City of Fresno, California, to provide fee waivers, credits, or reductions for affordable housing development City of Berkeley procedures for implementation of state density bonus law SMART housing: A strategy for producing affordable housing at the local level (Austin, Texas) Limited equity coops by community land trusts: Case studies and a feasibility assessment for the hybrid model Public land & affordable housing in the Washington DC region: Best practices and recommendations Development and permitting process improvement study (Lincoln, Nebraska) Minnesota State building code: Code adoption guide Enterprise: Permanent Supportive Housing

Data sources:

CoreData.nyc Building codes Code adoption map

Displacement

Educational outcomes for children

Energy use

Equitable resources for residents of low-income neighborhoods and communities of color

Learn more about equitable resources for residents of low-income neighborhoods and communities of color

General information:

Supporting educational achievement with afterschool programs located in affordable housing The local rent supplement program, DC Fiscal Policy Institute HOTMA expands opportunities for low-income families State and city funded rental housing programs NYC department of homeless services: Rent issues National coalition for a civil right to counsel (NCCRC) Right to counsel New York City coalition (RTCNYC) Weatherization assistance programWeatherization works: Summary of findings from the retrospective evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy’s weatherization assistance program Finding Common Ground: Coordinating Housing and Education Policy to Promote Integration SW Corridor Equitable Housing Strategy

Toolkits:

Equitable Development Principles & Scorecard: A Tool for Communities and Planners

Specific Policies:

Housing choice vouchers (LHS Brief)
Housing choice vouchers (LHS Related Resources)

Mobility counseling (LHS Brief)
Mobility counseling (LHS Related Resources)

Mortgage & loans:

FDIC affordable mortgage lending guide IRS mortgage interest credit NCSHA mortgage credit certificate program Q&A Single family housing repair loans & grants
Property tax relief (LHS Brief)
Property tax relief (LHS Related Resources)
Tenant-based rental assistance (LHS Brief)
Tenant-based rental assistance (LHS Related Resources)

Regional policies/case studies:

Rental subsidy program: Program guide, Chicago low-income housing trust fund San Francisco housing data hub State & city funded rental housing programs Finally Home guideline: Housing trust Silicon Valley City of Virginia Beach: Rental security deposit program Rent setting for Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers, and other rental assistance programs in Oregon: A user guide Housing mobility: What do housing voucher recipients want? (Connecticut) Fort Wayne housing authority Housing Voucher Choice Program property owner participation manual (Indiana) The Evansville housing authority Housing Choice Voucher Program (Indiana) HomeStart (Boston)

Funding for affordable housing

Learn more about funding for affordable housing

General information:

Land bank information headquarters
Environmental review: A guide for applicants seeking HUD or USDA rural development financial assistance Orientation to environmental reviews HOME investment partnerships program An overview of the HOME investment partnerships program
Funds for Kickstarting Affordable Housing Preservation and Production

Toolkit:

Financing mechanisms for affordable housing ChangeLab Solutions: Funding & Financing Strategies for Health & Housing Making sense of the district’s tax abatement dollars: Nine questions to consider

Specific Policies:

Housing trust fund (LHS Brief)
Housing trust fund (LHS Related Resources)

Land value tax (LHS Brief)
Land value tax (LHS Related Resources)
Linkage fees/affordable housing impact fees (LHS Brief)
Linkage fees/affordable housing impact fees (LHS Related Resources)
Reductions in impact fees and exactions (LHS Brief)
Reductions in impact fees and exactions (LHS Related Resources)

LIHTC:

Low-Income Housing Tax Credits and Private Activity Bonds: A guide to affordable housing development Low-Income Housing Tax Credits: Affordable housing investment opportunities for banks Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, HUD office of policy development & research Creating balance in the locations of LIHTC developments: The role of Qualified Allocation Plans State LIHTC program descriptions Giving due credit: Balancing priorities in state Low-Income Housing Tax Credit allocation policies Financing supportive housing with tax-exempt bonds and 4 percent Low-Income Housing Tax Credits Using state tax credits: Q&A with Beth Mullen of the Reznick Group Neighborworks America: Engineered Utility Allowances Building Homes: County Funding for Affordable Housing

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008) General obligation bond for affordable housing: Economic impact report (San Francisco) Conversion fee, code of the District of Columbia Establishing a local housing trust fund: A guide for California officials A resolution to the Council of the City of Fresno, California, to provide fee waivers, credits, or reductions for affordable housing development From urban renewal and displacement to economic inclusion: San Francisco affordable housing policy 1978-2012 Los Angeles affordable housing linkage fees nexus study The economic impact of general obligation bonds for affordable housing in Austin San Francisco housing data hub New Mexico affordable housing tax credit NYC acquisition fund: Vacant property loan term sheet NYC acquisition fund: Occupied property and moderate rehab (preservation) loan term sheet Golden State acquisition fund Albuquerque, New Mexico adopts proportional impact fees USGBC case study profiles successful Cincinnati residential tax abatement Transforming a city one home at a time: Cincinnati’s successful residential tax abatement program Economic impact analysis of proposed 10 year tax abatement adjustments, 2018 (Philadelphia)

Data sources:

HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data Policy map: Housing

Gentrification

Health and housing

Homelessness

Homeownership

Learn more about homeownership

General information:

NAHB housing opportunity index Employer-assisted housing initiative guide for state & local realtor associations The state of the nation’s housing 2019 HUD: Housing counseling Framework: Smart homeownership starts here National industry standards for homeownership education and counseling HOME investment partnerships program Mortgage revenue bonds and mortgage credit Significant features of the property tax 50-state property tax comparison study: For taxes paid in 2018 NeighborWorks America HUD: About title I property improvement loans Landlord training manual: Keeping illegal activity out of rental property, a practical guide for Santa Cruz landlords and property managers A closer look at the building operator training program

Toolkits:

Housing Boulder: A toolkit of housing options Employer-assisted housing initiative guide for state & local realtor associations

Shared equity homeownership:

Shared equity models offer sustainable homeownership Shared equity homeownership: The changing landscape of resale-restricted, owner-occupied homeownership Grounded solutions network Connecticut opportunity map Filling the void between homeownership and rental housing: A case for expanding the use of shared equity homeownership Shared equity, transformative wealth What’s in a name? Clarifying the different forms and policy objectives of “shared equity” and “shared appreciation” homeownership programs

Regional policies/case studies:

San Francisco housing data hub Downpayment Assistance Loan Program (DALP), San Francisco Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle Home – Down payment loan (St. Louis County, Missouri) HUD: Home/State information

Data sources:

Policy map: Housing HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data FFIEC geocoding/mapping system Access and affordability: Interactive map and research on 3 barriers to homeownership

Housing cost burden

Housing discrimination

Housing quality and safety

Housing supply

Learn more about housing supply

General information:

Land bank information headquarters A national profile of naturally occurring affordable housing Terner Center’s housing development dashboard Model affordable housing density bonus ordinance Affordable housing zoning bonus administrative regulations and procedures Potential dedicated revenue sources to support affordable housing production Unlocking the right to build: Designing a more flexible system for transferring development rights How to unleash underutilized Private Activity Bonds to build more affordable rental housing The state of the nation’s housing 2019 Property topics and concepts Producing affordable housing in rising markets: What works? State survey of housing appeals statutes Understanding today’s manufactured housing Bending the cost curve: Solutions to expand the supply of affordable rentals How land-use regulation undermines affordable housing Henry George’s land value tax: An idea whose time has come? HOME investment partnerships program An overview of the HOME investment partnerships program

Specific Policies:

Inclusionary zoning (LHS Brief)
Inclusionary zoning (LHS Related Resources)
Zoning changes to facilitate the use of lower-cost housing (LHS Brief)
Zoning changes to facilitate the use of lower-cost housing (LHS Related Resources)

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008) SMART housing: A strategy for producing affordable housing at the local level (Austin, Texas) Housing pays: Capturing the economic and fiscal benefits of increased housing production in LA San Francisco housing data hub Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle Wording amendments for small-scale residential infill (Ahseville, North Carolina) 21st century SROs: Can small housing units help meet the need for affordable housing in New York City?

Data sources:

Florida housing data clearinghouse HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data Policy map: Housing

Implementation

Local housing plans

Mixed-use development

Older adults—housing and services for

Persons with disabilities—housing and services for

Preservation of dedicated affordable housing

Learn more about preservation of dedicated affordable housing

General information:

Producing affordable housing in rising markets: What works? Linkage fee programs Unlocking the right to build: Designing a more flexible system for transferring development rights The HUD note sale: HUD and NYC HDC partner to preserve distressed properties The space between: Realities and possibilities in preserving unsubsidized affordable rental housing A brief review of state and local preservation purchase laws U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Rental Assistance Demonstration overview RAD program specifics Evaluation of HUD’s Rental Assistance Demonstration RAD photo essays HOME investment partnerships program ChangeLab Solutions: Preserving, Protecting & Expanding Affordable Housing

LIHTC:

The effects of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Giving due credit: Balancing priorities in state Low-Income Housing Tax Credit allocation policies Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, HUD office of policy development & research

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008) Jody apartments, Denver Conversion fee, code of the District of Columbia Evanston, Illinois – Code of ordinances: Chapter 18 – Affordable housing demolition tax and affordable housing fund Preserving Austin’s multifamily rental housing Golden State acquisition fund (California) DC’s first right purchase program helps to preserve affordable housing and is one of DC’s key anti-displacement tools

Data sources:

National Housing Preservation Database HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data Policy map: Housing Prezcat CoreData.nyc Florida housing data clearinghouse PrezCat catalog

Preservation of market affordable housing

Public transit—access to

Racial equity

Rental housing

Resilience to flooding and other climate-related threats

Resource-rich neighborhoods—affordable housing in

Tax increment financing

Taxation

Tenant protection and housing stability

Transportation

Zoning

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