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If you would like to learn more about housing policies and programs, there are a lot of valuable resources available. This section shows you where to find resources on LocalHousingSolutions.org related to particular issues or programs and provides links to selected external materials and websites that can supplement the guidance available on LocalHousingSolutions.org.

Affirmatively furthering fair housing

Site resources on affirmatively furthering fair housing
Puertas Cerradas: Housing barriers for Hispanics
HUD’s AFFH assessment of fair housing tool and mapping tool
2016 LIHTC policies promoting supportive housing and recommendations for 2017-2018
AFFH-T data documentation
Opportunity mapping issue brief
Breaking down barriers: Housing, neighborhoods, and schools of opportunity
New starts: Leveraging the new transit policy guidance to create inclusive communities of opportunity
Code of Federal regulations 24: Housing and urban development
To increase housing choice, try incentivizing landlords
Fort Wayne housing authority Housing Voucher Choice Program property owner participation manual (Indiana)
The Evansville housing authority Housing Choice Voucher Program (Indiana)
Learn about the FHEO complaint and investigation process
Fair Housing Assistance Program (FHAP)
The case for fair housing: 2017 fair housing trends report
HUD education and outreach initiative
Fair Housing Initiatives Program

Inclusionary housing:

Inclusionary housing explained
Inclusionary housing: Creating and maintaining equitable communities
Inclusionary housing sample documents library (CA, CO, IL, MD, MA, NJ, NM, NC, UT, VA, WA, DC)

Data gathering tools:

FFIEC geocoding/mapping system
HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
Latino kids’ data explorer
AFFH assessment tools, resources, and training material
National Fair Housing Alliance: Get local help
Fair housing: Outreach tools
Twitter: #FairHousing
Inclusionary housing database map

Affordable homeownership

Site resources on affordable homeownership
Preserving multifamily workforce and affordable housing: New approaches for investing in a vital national asset
Inclusionary housing in the United States
Employer-assisted housing initiative guide for state & local realtor associations
Increasing the availability of affordable homes: A handbook of high-impact state and local solutions
The state of the nation’s housing 2017
Understanding today’s manufactured housing
Preservation of affordable homeownership: A continuum of strategies
Shared equity, transformative wealth
FDIC affordable mortgage lending guide
IRS mortgage interest credit
NCSHA mortgage credit certificate program Q&A
National Association of Local Housing Finance Agencies
Making home affordable
Single family housing repair loans & grants

Property tax break:

Property tax circuit breakers in 2017
The property tax circuit breaker: An introduction and survey of current programs
Property tax relief: The case for circuit breakers
Property tax circuit breakers: Fair and cost-effective relief for taxpayers
How do states spell relief?: A national study of homestead exemptions & property tax credits
Property tax homestead exemptions
Property tax assessment limits: Lessons from thirty years of experience

Community land trust:

E-book: Starting a community land trust
Lincoln institute of land policy: Community land trusts
Community land trusts: Why now is the time to integrate this housing activists’ tool into local government affordable housing policies
Grounded solutions network
Shared equity models offer sustainable homeownership
Will limited-equity cooperatives make a comeback?
Shared equity homeownership: The changing landscape of resale-restricted, owner-occupied homeownership

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008)
SMART housing policy: Resource guide (Austin, Texas)
San Francisco housing data hub
Regional approaches to affordable housing
Public land & affordable housing in the Washington DC region: Best practices and recommendations
Leveraging public land for affordable housing in Northern Virginia: A primer
Housing Boulder: A toolkit of housing options
National Council of State Housing Agencies
Property tax relief: Why Virginia should adopt a state-funded income-targeted approach
Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle

Data gathering tools:

NAHB housing opportunity index
Policy map: Housing
HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
Real estate transfer charges

Affordable rental housing

Site resources on affordable rental housing
Preserving multifamily workforce and affordable housing: New approaches for investing in a vital national asset
The cost of affordable housing: Does it pencil out?
How did they do it? Discovering new opportunities for affordable housing
Producing affordable housing in rising markets: What works?
Affordable housing framework
Inclusionary housing in the United States
Low-Income Housing Tax Credits and Private Activity Bonds: A guide to affordable housing development
How to unleash underutilized Private Activity Bonds to build more affordable rental housing
Preserving affordable rental housing: A snapshot of growing need, current threats, and innovative solutions
The space between: Realities and possibilities in preserving unsubsidized affordable rental housing
A brief review of state and local preservation purchase laws
Regional approaches to affordable housing
Bending the cost curve: Solutions to expand the supply of affordable rentals
State and city funded rental housing programs
Is rent control good policy?

Compact units:

Compact units: Demand and challenge
Accessory dwellings
Model code for accessory dwelling units
The macro view on micro units

RAD:

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Rental Assistance Demonstration overview
RAD: program specifics
Evaluation of HUD’s Rental Assistance Demonstration

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008)
Jody apartments, Denver
Preserving Austin’s multifamily rental housing
San Francisco housing data hub
The affordable housing crisis in Los Angeles: An employer perspective
Where will people live? New Orleans’ growing rental housing challenge
Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle
SMART housing: A strategy for producing affordable housing at the local level (Austin, Texas)
SMART housing policy: Resource guide (Austin, Texas)
Public land & affordable housing in the Washington DC region: Best practices and recommendations
Leveraging public land for affordable housing in Northern Virginia: A primer
21st century SROs: Can small housing units help meet the need for affordable housing in New York City?
Housing Boulder: A toolkit of housing options
Profile of rent-stabilized units and tenants in New York City

Data gathering tools:

Florida housing data clearinghouse
HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
Policy map: Housing
Map: Rent control laws by state
NLIHC’s out of reach 2016

Building coalitions

Carbon emissions

Community development

Site resources on community development
Building sustainable, inclusive communities: How America can pursue smart growth and reunite our metropolitan communities
Building American cities toolkit
NAHB land use 101
Local policy options to support sustainable and equitable development
Property topics and concepts
New starts: Leveraging the new transit policy guidance to create inclusive communities of opportunity
Right-sizing urban growth boundaries
Urban growth boundary
Metro: Urban growth report (2014)
Community development block grant program

Rehabilitation codes:

Rehabilitating rehab through state building codes
Smart codes in your community: A guide to building rehabilitation codes
Rehabilitation subcodes

Higher-density development:

Higher-density development: Myth and fact
Lincoln Institute of Land Policy: Visualizing density
The roommate gap: Your city’s occupancy limit

Land banks:

Land bank information headquarters
Land banking 101: What is a land bank?
Revitalizing foreclosed properties with land banks

Tax increment financing:

An elected official’s guide to tax increment financing
Tax-increment financing: The need for increased transparency and accountability in local economic development subsidies
Tax increment financing: Tweaking TIF for the 21st century

Transfers of development rights:

Smart growth/smart energy toolkit bylaw: Transfer of development rights, Massachusetts 
Transfer of development rights case study, Massachusetts
Transfer of development rights programs: Using the market for compensation and preservation
Transfer of development right turns 40

Employer-assisted housing programs:

Equitable development toolkit: Employer assisted housing
Employer-assisted housing resource guide: A primer for employers and community leaders, Minnesota

Community land trust:

Community land trust resources
E-book: Starting a community land trust
Grounded solutions network
CLT Start-up hub
Lincoln institute of land policy: Community land trusts
Community land trusts: Why now is the time to integrate this housing activists’ tool into local government affordable housing policies

Regional policies/case studies:

Impact fees, City of Vancouver
Supporting and sustaining interjurisdictional collaboration for housing and community development (Cook County, Illinois)
Housing collaboratives (Cook County, Illinois)
Downtown land disposition strategy (Raleigh, North Carolina)
Wording amendments for small-scale residential infill (Ahseville, North Carolina)
New Jersey rehabilitation subcode
Coburg urbanization study update (Oregon)
Housing policy debates (various states)

Data gathering tools:

HUD’s community assessment reporting tool
Data: Baltimore neighborhoods indicators alliance
Community land trust program
National map of land banks & land banking programs

Concentrated poverty

Development feasibility

Site resources on development feasibility
Building American cities toolkit
Economics of inclusionary development
Development process efficiency: Cutting through the red tape
Land development checklist
Terner Center’s housing development dashboard
Affordable housing zoning bonus administrative regulations and procedures
Affordable housing framework
Market effects of office development linkage fees
Public benefit from publicly owned parcels: Effective practices in affordable housing development
How are building codes adopted?
Smart codes, smart process checklist
Predictable permitting

Tax & fees:

Impact fees and housing affordability
Low-Income Housing Tax Credits and Private Activity Bonds: A guide to affordable housing development
Using state tax credits: Q&A with Beth Mullen of the Reznick Group

Regional policies/case studies:

Impact fees, City of Vancouver
Los Angeles affordable housing linkage fees nexus study
A resolution to the Council of the City of Fresno, California, to provide fee waivers, credits, or reductions for affordable housing development
City of Berkeley procedures for implementation of state density bonus law
SMART housing: A strategy for producing affordable housing at the local level (Austin, TExas)
Limited equity coops by community land trusts: Case studies and a feasibility assessment for the hybrid model
Public land & affordable housing in the Washington DC region: Best practices and recommendations
Development and permitting process improvement study (Lincoln, Nebraska)
Minnesota State building code: Code adoption guide

Data gathering tools:

CoreData.nyc
Building codes
Code adoption map

Displacement

Educational outcomes for children

Energy use

Equitable resources for residents of low-income neighborhoods and communities of color

Site resources on equitable resources for residents of low-income neighborhoods and communities of color
Supporting educational achievement with afterschool programs located in affordable housing
The local rent supplement program, DC Fiscal Policy Institute
HOTMA expands opportunities for low-income families
State and city funded rental housing programs
NYC department of homeless services: Rent issues
National coalition for a civil right to counsel (NCCRC)
Right to counsel New York City coalition (RTCNYC)
Weatherization assistance program
Weatherization works: Summary of findings from the retrospective evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy’s weatherization assistance program

Mortgage & loans:

FDIC affordable mortgage lending guide
IRS mortgage interest credit
NCSHA mortgage credit certificate program Q&A
Single family housing repair loans & grants

Housing mobility:

Leveraging the power of place: Using pay for success to support housing mobility
Mobility counseling
Housing mobility programs in the U.S. (2015)

Housing vouchers:

Housing Choice Voucher guidebook (7420.10G)
Housing Choice Vouchers fact sheet
Housing Choice Voucher program guidebook, Chapter 7: Payment standards
Housing nation: Housing choice vouchers
The resident choice option: Reasons why residents change from Project-Based Vouchers to Portable Housing Vouchers
Project Based Vouchers, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Tenant-based rental assistance:

Building HOME, chapter 7: Tenant-based rental assistance
HOME investment partnerships program
An overview of the HOME investment partnerships program
Summary of key changes to the HOME program regulations in the final rule

Property tax break:

Property tax circuit breakers in 2017
The property tax circuit breaker: An introduction and survey of current programs
Property tax relief: The case for circuit breakers
Property tax circuit breakers: Fair and cost-effective relief for taxpayers

Regional policies/case studies:

Rental subsidy program: Program guide, Chicago low-income housing trust fund
San Francisco housing data hub
State & city funded rental housing programs
Finally Home guideline: Housing trust Silicon Valley
City of Virginia Beach: Rental security deposit program
Rent setting for Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers, and other rental assistance programs in Oregon: A user guide
Housing mobility: What do housing voucher recipients want? (Connecticut)
Fort Wayne housing authority Housing Voucher Choice Program property owner participation manual (Indiana)
The Evansville housing authority Housing Choice Voucher Program (Indiana)
HomeStart (Boston)

Funding for affordable housing

Site resources on funding for affordable housing
Land bank information headquarters
Financing mechanisms for affordable housing
Environmental review: A guide for applicants seeking HUD or USDA rural development financial assistance
Orientation to environmental reviews
Making sense of the district’s tax abatement dollars: Nine questions to consider
HOME investment partnerships program
An overview of the HOME investment partnerships program

Land value tax:

Assessing the theory and practice of land value taxation
Henry George’s land value tax: An idea whose time has come?
Land value tax: An alternative to the property tax
Land value taxation: Could it work today?
The weeds: The land value tax, explained (out loud)

Housing trust fund:

Municipal affordable housing trusts: How to envision, gain support and utilize a local trust to achieve your housing goals
State legislation to promote local housing trust funds: A toolkit for advocates
Revenue sources, housing trust fund project
The Center for Community Change housing trust fund project
Development exactions: Process and planning issues
Opening doors to homes for all: The 2016 housing trust fund survey report

Impact fees, exactions, and linkage fees:

Linkage fee programs
Commercial linkage fees
Impact Fee Handbook
Impact fees and inclusionary housing
Impact fees and housing affordability
Proportionate-share impact fees
State impact fee enabling acts
impactfees.com
Impact fees and housing affordability

LIHTC:

Low-Income Housing Tax Credits and Private Activity Bonds: A guide to affordable housing development
Low-Income Housing Tax Credits: Affordable housing investment opportunities for banks
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, HUD office of policy development & research
Creating balance in the locations of LIHTC developments: The role of Qualified Allocation Plans
State LIHTC program descriptions
Giving due credit: Balancing priorities in state Low-Income Housing Tax Credit allocation policies
Financing supportive housing with tax-exempt bonds and 4 percent Low-Income Housing Tax Credits
Using state tax credits: Q&A with Beth Mullen of the Reznick Group

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008)
General obligation bond for affordable housing: Economic impact report (San Francisco)
Conversion fee, code of the District of Columbia
Establishing a local housing trust fund: A guide for California officials
A resolution to the Council of the City of Fresno, California, to provide fee waivers, credits, or reductions for affordable housing development
From urban renewal and displacement to economic inclusion: San Francisco affordable housing policy 1978-2012
Los Angeles affordable housing linkage fees nexus study
The economic impact of general obligation bonds for affordable housing in Austin
San Francisco housing data hub
New Mexico affordable housing tax credit
NYC acquisition fund: Vacant property loan term sheet
NYC acquisition fund: Occupied property and moderate rehab (preservation) loan term sheet
Golden State acquisition fund
Albuquerque, New Mexico adopts proportional impact fees
USGBC case study profiles successful Cincinnati residential tax abatement
Transforming a city one home at a time: Cincinnati’s successful residential tax abatement program
Economic impact analysis of proposed 10 year tax abatement adjustments, 2018 (Philadelphia)

Data gathering tools:

HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
Policy map: Housing

Gentrification

Health of children and adults

Homelessness

Homeownership

Site resources on homeownership
NAHB housing opportunity index
Employer-assisted housing initiative guide for state & local realtor associations
The state of the nation’s housing 2017
Housing Boulder: A toolkit of housing options
HUD: Housing counseling
Framework: Smart homeownership starts here
National industry standards for homeownership education and counseling
HOME investment partnerships program
Mortgage revenue bonds and mortgage credit
Significant features of the property tax
50-state property tax comparison study: For taxes paid in 2015
NeighborWorks America
HUD: About title I property improvement loans
Landlord training manual: Keeping illegal activity out of rental property, a practical guide for Santa Cruz landlords and property managers
A closer look at the building operator training program

Shared equity homeownership:

Shared equity models offer sustainable homeownership
Shared equity homeownership: The changing landscape of resale-restricted, owner-occupied homeownership
Grounded solutions network
Connecticut opportunity map
Filling the void between homeownership and rental housing: A case for expanding the use of shared equity homeownership
Shared equity, transformative wealth
What’s in a name? Clarifying the different forms and policy objectives of “shared equity” and “shared appreciation” homeownership programs

Regional policies/case studies:

San Francisco housing data hub
Downpayment Assistance Loan Program (DALP), San Francisco
Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle
Home – Down payment loan (St. Louis County, Missouri)
HUD: Home/State information

Data gathering tools:

Policy map: Housing
HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
FFIEC geocoding/mapping system
Access and affordability: Interactive map and research on 3 barriers to homeownership

Housing cost burden

Housing discrimination

Housing quality

Housing quality and safety

Housing supply

Site resources on housing supply
Land bank information headquarters
A national profile of naturally occurring affordable housing
Terner Center’s housing development dashboard
Model affordable housing density bonus ordinance
Affordable housing zoning bonus administrative regulations and procedures
Potential dedicated revenue sources to support affordable housing production
Unlocking the right to build: Designing a more flexible system for transferring development rights
How to unleash underutilized Private Activity Bonds to build more affordable rental housing
The state of the nation’s housing 2017
Property topics and concepts
Producing affordable housing in rising markets: What works?
State survey of housing appeals statutes
Understanding today’s manufactured housing
Bending the cost curve: Solutions to expand the supply of affordable rentals
How land-use regulation undermines affordable housing
Henry George’s land value tax: An idea whose time has come?
HOME investment partnerships program
An overview of the HOME investment partnerships program

Inclusionary zoning:

Economics of inclusionary development
Housing market impacts of inclusionary zoning programs
Inclusionary upzoning: Trying growth to affordability

Compact units:

Compact units: Demand and challenge
Accessory dwellings
Model code for accessory dwelling units
The macro view on micro units
Cities provide incentives to increase urban multifamily development

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008)
SMART housing: A strategy for producing affordable housing at the local level (Austin, Texas)
Housing pays: Capturing the economic and fiscal benefits of increased housing production in LA
San Francisco housing data hub
Property tax exemptions to promote affordable rental and homeownership housing in Seattle
Wording amendments for small-scale residential infill (Ahseville, North Carolina)
21st century SROs: Can small housing units help meet the need for affordable housing in New York City?

Data gathering tools:

Florida housing data clearinghouse
HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
Policy map: Housing

Implementation

Mixed-use development

Older adults—housing and services for

Persons with disabilities—housing and services for

Preservation of dedicated affordable housing

Site resources on preservation of dedicated affordable housing
Producing affordable housing in rising markets: What works?
Linkage fee programs
Unlocking the right to build: Designing a more flexible system for transferring development rights
The HUD note sale: HUD and NYC HDC partner to preserve distressed properties
The space between: Realities and possibilities in preserving unsubsidized affordable rental housing
A brief review of state and local preservation purchase laws
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Rental Assistance Demonstration overview
RAD program specifics
Evaluation of HUD’s Rental Assistance Demonstration
RAD photo essays
HOME investment partnerships program

LIHTC:

The effects of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit
Giving due credit: Balancing priorities in state Low-Income Housing Tax Credit allocation policies
Low-Income Housing Tax Credit, HUD office of policy development & research

Regional policies/case studies:

State and local means of addressing housing affordability (abt compendium for NAHB, 2008)
Jody apartments, Denver
Conversion fee, code of the District of Columbia
Evanston, Illinois – Code of ordinances: Chapter 18 – Affordable housing demolition tax and affordable housing fund
Preserving Austin’s multifamily rental housing
Golden State acquisition fund (California)
DC’s first right purchase program helps to preserve affordable housing and is one of DC’s key anti-displacement tools

Data gathering tools:

National Housing Preservation Database
HUD’s geospatial tool: Open data
Policy map: Housing
Prezcat
CoreData.nyc
Florida housing data clearinghouse
PrezCat catalog

Preservation of market affordable housing

Public transit—access to

Racial equity

Rental housing

Resilience to flooding and other climate-related threats

Resource-rich neighborhoods—affordable housing in

Resource-rich neighborhoods—housing and services for

San Antonio's housing policy framework

Transportation

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